Following are the common aspects of management to which Head teacher play important role for the effectiveness of the school:
In education a curriculum (plural curricula) is the set of planned activities to be carried out in and out-side the institution. It has four basic elements – Objectives, Content, Methodology and Evaluation.
Time frame or scheduling is a part of management. The timetable reflects schedule of daily activities. So it enables teachers to plan and follow a line of action to achieve the desired goals.
Lesson Plan, Teacher’s Diary and Monitoring
Lesson plan helps the teacher to plan and arrange their activities related to delivery of curriculum. So teacher’s diary presents the teachers activities. So Their monitoring helps to see the progress of the teacher. Hence lesson planning should be performed and a regular teacher’s diary be maintained.
Student’s Diary and Monitoring
It is an important source to monitor the activities of the students and also evaluating their performance.
Classroom management refers to the action and strategies for effective teaching and learning. So it focuses on ways to establish and maintain workable systems in the classroom. Therefore it aims at classroom climate, physical arrangement, working place of students etc. academic achievement, teacher efficacy, and teacher and student behavior are directly linked with the concept of school and classroom management.
Assessment of student’s Performance / Evaluation
Assessment is the process of measurement of student’s performance. It helps to clarify and understand the level of knowledge that a learner has obtained. So the level of knowledge implies that what a student knows constantly changes over time, and that we as instructors can make judgments about student achievement. Hence assessment decisions affect grades, instructional needs, advancement, placement, and the curriculum.
Assigning Duties to Teachers
Organizing principle of management involves assigning duties to teachers. Therefore everybody should be aware of his / her duties and responsibilities. Knowledge of subject matter, Instructional competence, Assessment competence, Professionalism and Nonstandard duties.
Co-curricular activities are the activities that supplement curriculum. So they are essential instrument for mental, social, psychological, physical growth of students.
Evaluation of Teachers’ Performance
For effective academic management evaluation of the teacher’s performance is also necessary in order to assess their needs and guide them or nominate for training programs. Techniques of teacher’s evaluation are; teacher interviews, competency testing through test, classroom observation, student rating, colleagues review, student achievement, faculty self evaluation also.
Head Teacher has to identify residence or aspects of staff, which need improvement / reorientation. So the major residence where a teacher needs assistance for professional growth are; subject knowledge and understanding, pedagogical content knowledge, development of teaching and assessment skills, understanding teaching and learning. Hence the wider curriculum and other changes affecting teaching, management skills: managing people: and managing yourself and your professional development.